I. Types of Canine Tumors and Their Identification
Dogs, like humans, can develop various types of tumors. Identifying them early can be crucial for effective treatment. Here are some common types:
- Surface Tumors: These appear as raised bumps, small nodules, or cauliflower-like growths on the skin. They tend to grow slowly, eventually bursting as they enlarge.
- Subcutaneous Tumors: These lumps beneath the skin may protrude above the surface. Some are movable and hard to the touch. Malignant tumors in this category tend to grow continuously, while benign ones grow slowly.
- Mammary Tumors: Often presenting as discrete, hard nodules, mammary tumors in dogs are typically mixed-type and grow slowly, although they can be numerous.
Other less common tumors include lymphomas, gastrointestinal tumors, and osteosarcomas.
II. Diagnostic Tests for Canine Tumors
Several diagnostic methods are recommended, but not all may be necessary. The choice depends on the veterinarian’s advice:
- Aspiration/Biopsy for Cytology
- Complete Blood Count
- Inflammatory Response Protein Tests
- Biochemical Profiles
- Abdominal Ultrasound and Chest Radiography
- MRI and other advanced imaging
III. Treatment Options for Canine Tumors
- Surgical Removal: This involves excising the tumor to eliminate the source of the disease. However, since tumors can spread through blood and lymphatic systems, there’s a risk of recurrence. Post-surgery, it’s important to focus on consolidation and anti-inflammatory treatments to prevent relapse.
- Chemotherapy and Radiation: Depending on the severity of the tumor, a course of 3-24 sessions may be prescribed. Nutritional support and organ protection are crucial, as the side effects, especially after the second cycle of chemotherapy, can be severe. This method can be thorough, with both benefits and drawbacks.
- Targeted Therapy: Combining surgery and chemotherapy in stages, especially in severe cases where a single method is not effective.
IV. Common Medications for Canine Tumors
- “Sunuo and Ganxuewei”: Commonly used due to the inflammatory reactions and anemia caused by tumors.
- “Hengcaofensu”: A reputable medication, often prescribed in veterinary hospitals, contains ingredients that can suppress tumor growth and enhance the dog’s immune system to fight the tumor.
The treatment and medication should always be tailored to the dog’s specific condition and health status, rather than a one-size-fits-all approach.