Cancer in dogs is a topic of growing concern for pet owners worldwide. Understanding which breeds are more susceptible to cancer can help in early detection and management. This comprehensive guide delves into various dog breeds and their associated risk levels for developing cancer.

High Cancer Risk Breeds

German Shepherds, Golden Retrievers, and Labrador Retrievers lead the list of breeds with the highest risk. Known for their loyalty and intelligence, these breeds unfortunately face a higher predisposition to cancer. Other breeds in this category include Poodles, Rottweilers, Boxers, Cocker Spaniels, American Water Spaniels, Doberman Pinschers, Shetland Sheepdogs, Miniature Schnauzers, Portuguese Water Dogs, Shih Tzus, Collies, Chows, and Siberian Huskies.

Moderate to High Risk Breeds

In the next tier are breeds like Giant Schnauzers, Standard Poodles, Dalmatians, Irish Wolfhounds, Pomeranians, Saint Bernards, Great Danes, Alaskan Malamutes, Newfoundlands, Basset Hounds, Belgian Sheepdogs, Boston Terriers, Irish Setters, Bulldogs, Lhasa Apsos, Pointers, Pugs, Weimaraners, Shelties, and more. These breeds have a slightly lower but still significant risk of developing cancer.

Low Cancer Risk Breeds

Breeds like Papillons, Chihuahuas, Shar Peis, Cavalier King Charles Spaniels, Pekingese, Akitas, Great Pyrenees, Bloodhounds, Mastiffs, Affenpinschers, American Foxhounds, Bullmastiffs, Chesapeake Bay Retrievers, Bichon Frises, Westies, and Yorkshire Terriers are among those with a lower risk of cancer. These breeds are less prone to the disease, but regular health check-ups are still essential.

Least Risk Breeds

Breeds with the least risk include Airedales, Beagles, Dachshunds, Irish Setters, Jack Russell Terriers, Rough Collies, Briards, Havanese, Maltese, and Corgis. These breeds are less likely to develop cancer, but it’s important to maintain a healthy lifestyle and regular veterinary care.


Understanding the cancer risk in different dog breeds is crucial for early detection and effective treatment. Regular veterinary check-ups, a balanced diet, and a healthy lifestyle are key to ensuring the well-being of your beloved pet, regardless of their breed.


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